The quality of the water we drink is something everyone ought to give some thought to. Although tap water is, on average, of high quality in the US and in Europe, it often exceeds regulations for nitrates (from agricultural fertilisers and manure) and pesticides. Rather disturbingly, our water also contains increasing amounts of traces of over-the-counter and prescription medications (including hormones). The effect of this on human health has not been measured, but these traces are capable of changing the sex of fish and tadpoles in rivers. See this study if you are interested in learning more about the purification and potential contamination of drinking water.
Bottled water is not the answer, in my honest opinion, as it is environmentally and economically unsustainable, and the quality of the water is often no better than that of tap water. A good home filtration system is probably your best bet. There are many to choose from, depending on your requirements and budget, but whatever you decide to go with, remember to include lots of clean water in your daily diet. I recently worked on some water-based recipes for an e-book published by Kinetico, a supplier of home water systems. This spicy little number is one of my favourites!
250ml (1 cup) water
scant tablespoon chia seeds
250ml (1 cup) cold pressed unfiltered sweet apple juice
1/2 tablespoon freshly squeezed lime juice
1/2 – 1 teaspoon galangal juice, depending on how spicy you prefer it (to make the juice, use a juicer, or grate and squeeze out with a muslin cloth or nut milk bag)
- Whisk the chia seeds into the water and allow to soak for at least 10 minutes. Whisk every couple of minutes.
- When the chia seeds and water have formed a very soft gel, whisk the rest of the ingredients into the mixture and divide between 4 glasses.
- Serve with thick straws and a slice of lime.
Ok, full disclosure: I don’t really celebrate Valentine’s Day.
I used to, but that was before I married another Capricorn at the end of January. By the time Christmas, New Year’s Eve, our respective birthdays and our wedding anniversary have been duly celebrated, we are usually ready for a break.
I am a HUGE fan of romantic dates, however. Any time, any place. And if Valentine’s Day happens to be the next available opportunity to spoil your sweetheart, then make the most of it with this easy peasy, super sexy stay-at-home picnic for two. Open fires and games of scrabble optional.
The Ruby Noir
Makes 2 cocktails
60ml (1/4 cup) 100% pomegranate juice, chilled
30ml (2 tablespoons) damson, plum, blackberry or sloe vodka
1 teaspoon sweetened lime juice (squeeze out half a lime and stir in 1 teaspoon honey)
Champagne or sparkling wine, chilled
1 teaspoon pomegranate seeds
2 small and fine rosemary twigs (optional)
- Mix the pomegranate juice, vodka and lime juice, then divide between two champagne flutes, pouring through a funnel if you want to keep it extra neat.
- Top up with Champagne, by carefully pouring the bubbly into the glass over the back of a metal spoon to “float” it on top of the pomegranate mix.
- Carefully float a few pomegranate seeds on top and finish with a rosemary twig, if you like.
Spiced rye crackers with figgy goat’s cheese
Ingredients for the crackers
Makes about 18 small crackers, but feel free to double or triple the recipe – they keep well
50g (1/3 cup) stoneground rye flour
pinch of salt
pinch each of caraway seed, aniseed and cumin
10g (about 2 teaspoons) cold butter, cut into small cubes
15ml (1 tablespoon) or thereabouts milk of your choice (I used almond milk)
Ingredients for the figgy goat cheese
Enough for 2 people
70g (1/3 cup) soft goat cheese
1 large soft dried fig, finely chopped
1 teaspoon finely chopped parsley, leaves only
sea salt and freshly ground black pepper
aged Balsamic vinegar to serve (optional)
- For the crackers: preheat the oven to 220°C / 420°F. Line a small baking sheet with parchment paper.
- Whisk together the flour, spices and salt. Using your finger tips, rub the butter into the flour until it resembles fine bread crumbs.
- Add the milk and knead the dough until it comes together in a soft ball – not too sticky, and not crumbly.
- Roll the dough out thinly and use a cookie cutter to cut out shapes. Place these on the prepared sheet.
- Bake for roughly 10 minutes, or until the edges have turned golden, then remove from the oven and allow to cool on a cooling rack.
- For the goat cheese: while the crackers are baking, mix all the ingredients for the cheese in a bowl, adjust seasoning and set aside.
Scallop pops with avocado aïoli
What can be more seductive than nibbling on a sizzling scallop lollipop? These guys are the perfect mess-free picnic food and add just the right amount of spice to wake up the senses. Serve with a plate of gorgeous roasted mixed beets.
Ingredients for the marinade
handful of fresh coriander (cilantro), finely chopped
1 small red chilli, finely chopped (deseeded and membranes removed if you prefer it milder)
1 large garlic clove, thinly sliced
splash of olive oil
For the pops
6 large or 8 small scallops
knob of butter, preferably organic
4 to 6 wooden skewers
Ingredients for the avocado aïoli
1 small ripe avocado, mashed
1 – 2 tablespoons garlic aïoli or mayonnaise, preferably home-made
squeeze of lemon
- Mix all the ingredients for the marinade and rub it into the scallops. Set aside for at least half an hour.
- While the scallops are marinating, mix together the ingredients for the avocado aïoli and refrigerate.
- When you are ready to fry the scallops, pick out the garlic slices, as they burn too easily, and heat the butter in a heavy bottomed skillet or pan over a medium heat.
- Fry the scallops for a minute or two on each side – do not overcook them! – then slide one to two onto each skewer. Season with sea salt and serve with the avocado aïoli.
Chocolate-drizzled pear and raspberry lollies
For me, a romantic dinner has to be delicious, yes, but definitely not too filling. Who wants to feel stuffed and uncomfortable on a date? These refreshing, yet luscious lollies will hit the spot.
Makes 4 small or 2 large lollies
Ingredients for the lollies
teaspoon of coconut oil
2 pears, peeled, cored and quartered
1 teaspoon molasses sugar or dark brown muscovado sugar
80g (1/2 cup) frozen or fresh raspberries, plus a few extra
60ml (1/4 cup) milk of your choice (I used almond milk)
Ingredients for the chocolate drizzle
10g / 10ml (2 teaspoons) coconut oil
20g (about 6 squares) dark chocolate, broken into small pieces
- For the lollies: heat the coconut oil in a heavy based saucepan until hot, then lay the pear quarters down, sprinkle over the sugar and do not turn until they’ve developed a lovely golden colour and the sugar has melted (about 5 to 10 minutes).
- Turn over and fry on the other side for another 5 minutes.
- Now blend the pears, raspberries and milk until smooth. Stir in the remaining raspberries (crush them if they are frozen) and fill the ice lolly moulds.
- Freeze for at least 4 to 5 hours.
- For the chocolate drizzle: put them coconut oil in a small saucepan and heat over a low heat until melted.
- Add the bits of chocolate and continue to warm over a medium heat until melted.
- Give it a quick whisk, then set aside to cool slightly.
- Run hot water over the moulds to remove the lollies. Using a spoon, drizzle some chocolate sauce over each and give it half a minute or so to set.
The Christmas cheer usually overwhelms me right around the beginning of December. We get out the cherished decorations, adorn the front door with a wreath, and start building the anticipation with advent candles and calendars. For me, Glühwein (mulled wine) or Rumpunsch (rum punch) are as much a part of the festive season as Lebkuchen (gingerbread) and St Nicholas Day on the 6th of the month. Feeling somewhat cheated, my son asked me last year to make a special Christmas punch for the little ones. This recipe makes four cups and will keep the youngsters happy. At least for another few years…
750ml (3 cups) boiling water
3 teabags of fruit tea or, to stave off winter colds, berry and echinacea tea
1 cinnamon stick
1 star anise
strips of orange peel
250ml (1 cup) freshly squeezed orange juice (about 3 – 5 oranges, depending on their size and juiciness)
- Put all the ingredients, apart from the orange juice, in a small pot and simmer for at least 30 minutes.
- Either strain the tea or scoop all the bits out with a slotted spoon.
- Divide the orange juice equally between four cups and top up with hot spiced tea.
I’ve always loved the idea of taking what nature has to offer and creating something that feeds not only the body, but also the soul. Herbal and floral infusions are a wonderful way of restoring harmony within. Below are three blends that serve different purposes, but can be enjoyed at any time by anyone after a couple of minutes’ steeping in hot water. I have included information on some of the ingredients, but it is only the tip of the iceberg, so do get in touch if you would like to know more.
Chamomile is mostly known for soothing cramping tummies, for its mild sedative effect to aid in a good night’s sleep and because it relaxes the muscles. It is also antibacterial and improves immunity.
Rich in manganese, iron, calcium, and fibre, cinnamon improves glucose levels and insulin sensitivity, but also lowers LDL (bad) cholesterol, triglyceride concentrations, and overall cholesterol levels without affecting HDL (good) cholesterol. Cinnamon is also antimicrobial and anti-fungal.
Dandelion tea detoxes and eases congestion of the liver, helps to purify the bladder and kidneys, improves digestion and aids weight loss. It contains calcium, magnesium, iron, zinc, potassium, vitamins B and C, and helps to purify the blood, regulate blood sugar and improve blood circulation. It also helps to ease bloating and aching joints.
Rich in bioflavonoids, elderflower is a powerful antioxidant, antiseptic, anti-viral and anti-inflammatory herb. The most common uses are for colds and flu, sinus infections, and other respiratory disturbances, as well as allergies. As a supplement, elderflower can be used as a diuretic and its laxative properties can be helpful in relieving occasional constipation. Elderflower also reduces blood sugar levels, very similar to the way insulin works.
Anti-bacterial fennel tea helps expel mucous, is useful in reducing gastro-intestinal tract spasms and flatulence, and in larger doses can help remove obstructions of the liver, spleen, and gallbladder. Fennel tea is a diuretic and also helpful in treating anaemia. It is said to stimulate milk production in nursing mothers and has long been used to prevent infant colic. Fennel tea can help relax the smooth muscles in the uterus, thus relieving menstrual cramps and discomfort during pregnancy. Fennel tea can help relieve conjunctivitis and sore eyes.
Stinging nettle is one of the most powerful herbal infusions available to us. It is a diuretic and decongestant, an anti-histamine and a tonic. It is anti-inflammatory, anti-rheumatic, anti-allergenic, and anti-spasmodic, and helps alleviate respiratory tract disease and asthma. It stimulates the lymph system, which in turn boosts immunity. In pregnant and lactating women, it helps to strengthen the foetus and promotes milk production, and is also said to reduce bleeding. In other women, it can relieve menopausal symptoms and help with menstrual cramps and bloating. Nettle is said to aid sufferers of gastrointestinal disease, IBS, and constipation, and also supports the kidneys and helps break down kidney stones. Nettle furthermore supports the adrenals, and the endocrine health by helping the thyroid, spleen and pancreas. Some research also shows that nettle relieves neurological disorders like MS, ALS and sciatica.
A wonderful tea for those trying to conceive, those carrying a wee babe, and those having produced one, raspberry leaf tea is said to increase fertility, relieve morning sickness, strengthen the uterine wall to improve chances of healthy implantation and the process of labour nine months later, and repair it thereafter. It is also rich in vitamins A and the B complex, iron, calcium, magnesium, phosphorous, and potassium in an easily absorbable form to help your baby grow and increase nutrient value of breast milk. Even for those not in the reproductive stage, it helps balance hormones.
The Mellow Rose
1/2 cup dried lemon verbena, crushed slightly
1 heaped tablespoon dried nettle
1 heaped tablespoon dried dandelion
1/4 cup dried hibiscus flowers, torn into smaller pieces
6 slices dried orange, chopped into small pieces
2 tablespoons crushed cinnamon bark or cassia
1/3 cup dried lemongrass, roughly chopped
1 heaped tablespoon whole ginger, roughly chopped
1 heaped tablespoon dried elderflowers
1 heaped tablespoon nettle
1 heaped tablespoon dried lavender
A Mother’s Heart
2 tablespoons fennel seeds
1 heaped teaspoon fenugreek seeds
1 tablespoon coriander seeds
1 tablespoon aniseed
1/3 cup dried raspberry leaf tea
1/3 cup dried chamomile flowers
1 tablespoon peppermint leaf tea
2 tablespoons dried red rose petals
1/4 cup chopped dried fennel
1 heaping tablespoon nettle
1. Combine the first four ingredients in a spice grinder, high speed blender or mortar. Now blend or grind until the spices are partly ground, with some larger bits remaining.
2. Add the rest of the ingredients and mix.
Spring is a time for new beginnings and fresh starts. A season that teases translucent slivers of green from all but the darkest corners. So it is with great joy that I too am breathing life into a new chapter: welcome to the FoodFights journal! And what better way to kick off, than with spring’s darling, wild garlic. Sought after for its leaves, rather than its bulb, wild garlic is delicious in salads and pestos, sautéed or mixed into stuffing. Also known as ramsons, broad-leaved or wood garlic, and bear’s garlic, this wild relative of chives is mostly found in woodlands near bluebells. The tiny white flowers are also edible and oh-so-pretty!
1 large leek, sliced in half length-wise and washed
2 heads romaine lettuce, washed and roughly chopped
150 – 180g wild garlic, roughly chopped and little white flowers reserved
2 medium sweet potatoes, scrubbed clean, cubed and cooked in a little water until tender 2 cups / 500ml fresh chicken stock
small bunch of fresh basil
1/2 cup / 125ml goat’s yoghurt or kefir (optional)
Sea salt and freshly ground black pepper Goat’s milk feta cheese
- Slice leeks into half moons and sauté over gentle heat in a splash of good quality extra virgin olive oil.
- Add the lettuce and wild garlic, and sauté another few minutes until wilted.
- Add sweet potato and stock and bring to gentle simmer for a few minutes.
- Blend in a blender until smooth. Add basil and pulse a few times. Try to
- Stir in the yoghurt or kefir, if using, and garnish with crumbled feta and wild garlic flowers.
Note: It is important not to heat any cooking oil past its “smoke point,” the temperature at which it starts to burn, as this will influence flavour and decrease nutrient content. However, anything more than a gentle heat will damage extra virgin olive oil’s precious phytochemicals and plentiful nutrients that have been preserved by the cold extraction process.